Edited Version | 28 Jan 2021 | Hyderabad
What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis, best explained by breaking down the word ‘Osteoporosis’ meaning ‘reduced bone density’, is a medical condition in which bones become weak and brittle. This thinning of bones and weak bone crystals put the person at a greater risk of getting bone fractures. This condition can affect any gender, but is more prevalent in women who have crossed menopause.
As per a report from National Osteoporosis Foundation, a healthy bone has an architecture similar to a honeycomb. In comparison, a bone with low density will have larger holes compared to a healthy bone.
The early stage of loss of bone has typically no symptoms. But as it progresses, signs begin to show. The major symptoms of this disease are:
- Persistent back pain.
- Difficulty in standing for long periods.
- Fractures, or a collapsed vertebra.
- Bending spinal cord causing loss of height and change of body posture.
- Bone fracture that may occur more easily and rapidly even with slightest of shock.
Osteoporosis occurs when the rate of formation of new bone is lower, as compared to wear and tear being caused.
The major causes of this disease are:
- Loss of bone density in case of pregnancy, delivery, and lactation.
- Reduction of generation of oestrogen.
- Prolonged use of oral corticosteroids under high dosage.
- Medical conditions like inflammation, hormone imbalance, malnutrition, and low calcium absorption by body.
- A family history, particularly hip fracture of any one parent.
- Long term use of medications which affects bone density or hormone balance.
- Lower body mass index (BMI).
- Smoking and alcohol consumption.
To prevent the occurrence of this disease, these are certain things one should take care of:
- Weight bearing exercises.
- Diet rich in calcium and Vitamin D.
- Adopting a healthy lifestyle
Treatment/Prevention for Osteoporosis:
The goal of treating osteoporosis is to prevent bone loss or increase bone density. Therefore, a combination of lifestyle changes and medications is often used.
Lifestyle changes may include quitting smoking, cutting down on alcohol consumption, getting regular exercise, and eating a balanced diet rich in calcium and Vitamin D (Vitamin D is essential for calcium absorption). Calcium and Vitamin D supplements are also often encouraged for individuals who have risk factors for osteoporosis.
When do I contact the Germanten Hospital Hyderabad doctor?
You should consult a doctor immediately, if you have sudden and severe pain, and notice a deformity after a fall or have a broken bone. You can also see a doctor after menopause to discuss the risks and prevention of the disease.
Germanten Hospital and Osteoporosis Centre brings together the latest in research, technology and patient care services with quality care to cater to needs of every patient and create the best results. With an integrated, multidisciplinary team of experts we treat the following problems:
- Osteoporosis in men and women
- Steroid induced osteoporosis
- Chemotherapy induced bone loss
- Pre menopausal bone loss
- Fragility and recurrent fractures
- Parathyroid disorders
- Vitamin D deficiency/osteomalacia
- Calcium and phosphorus disorders
- Renal osteodystrophy Paget disease
Dr. Mir Jawad Zar Khan
MBBS, MS – Orthopedics (Gold Medalist – Osmania University), M.Ch – Orthopedics (Usaim, Seychelles), Fellowship in Knee Arthroscopy, Fellowship in Arthoplasty (Munich, Germany)